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Departament of Grasses, Legumes and Energy Plants

Grzegorz Żurek, D.Sc., Assoc. Prof. IHAR-PIB

phone: +48 22 733 45 71

e-mail: g.zurek@ihar.edu.pl


Forage Grasses and Legumes Laboratory
Elzbieta Czembor, Ph. D.

phone: +48 22 733 45 74,+48 22 733 45 69

+48 664 963 575
e.mail: e.czembor@ihar.edu.pl

Zbigniew Bodzon, Dr
e.mail: z.bodzon@ihar.edu.pl


Forage grasses

  • Studies on grass diseases – incidence and implications for forage grasses quality and their seed production
  • Development of initial breeding materials - resistant to major diseases and high agronomic quality
  • Evaluation of the most important forage grasses species recommended for traditional and ecological management system
  • Evaluation of the low profitable grasses species recommended for green areas and grasslands under different management systems


  • Evaluation of inheritance and variability of characters, utilization of new, unique genetical resources and heterosis effects for improvement of the utility characters of herbage legumes


  • Epidemiolgy of Fusarium spp. on maize
  • Looking for sources of resistance for ear rot and stalk rot of maize

Laboratory of Non-fodder Grasses and Energy Plants

Grzegorz Żurek, D.Sc., Assoc. Prof. IHAR-PIB
phone: +48 +48 22 733 45 71

e-mail: g.zurek@ihar.edu.pl

Danuta Martyniak, Ph.D.,
phone: (+48 22 7334572

e-mail: d.martyniak@ihar.edu.pl

Kamil Prokopiuk, M.Sc.
Phone: (+48 22 7334573

e-mail: k.prokopiuk@ihar.edu.pl


  • evaluation of functional traits and variability of turf grasses
  • improvement of breeding methodology for turf quality and seed yield potential
  • studies on improving of seed production of different grass species
  • response of grasses to abiotic stresses (shade, drought, heavy metals) and development of evaluation methods for stress resistance
  • creating backgrounds for low-profitable grass species seed production
  • evaluation of different energy crops with special emphasis on agronomy and suitability for cultivation on low-quality areas


Species of interest: Lolium perenne, Lolium multiflorum, Festuca arundinacea, Festuca rubra, Festuca ovina, Festuca pratensis, Poa sp., Deschampsia cespitosa, Koeleria macrantha, Beckmania eruciformis, Puccinellia distans, Agropyron elongatum, Bromus sp., Phalaris arundinacea, Miscanthus x giganteus, Spartina pectinata, Panicum virgatum, Andropogon gerardii

The main research programs:

  • Breeding methodology of turfgrasses.

- Turf characters: installation, general aesthetic aspect, soot density, colour, slow re-grow, leaf fineness, winter greenness, over-wintering, common diseases.
- Tolerance to shade.
- Evaluation of cultivars variability.
- Seed production, relation between plant characters. - Species: Lolium perenne, Festuca rubra, Poa pratensis, Deschampsia caespitosa, Poa supina, Festuca arundinacea.


Selected publications:

- Prończuk S. 1993. Evaluation system for turfgrasses . Biul. IHAR. 186: 127-132.
- Prończuk S., Żurek G., Żyłka D., Prończuk M. 2001. Performance of tufted hairgrass (Deschampsia caespitose L.) in turf mixtures under different system of maintenance. Zesz. Prob. Post. Nauk Rol. 474: 113-121.
- Prończuk S., Prończuk M., Żyłka D., Żebrowski J. 2001. Response of turfgrasses to shade conditions. Zesz. Prob. Post. Nauk Rol. 474: 91-101.
- Prończuk S., Prończuk M. 2003. Variability of turf characters of Poa pratensis L. cultivars under medium intensive turf maintenance. Biul. IHAR. 225: 265-276.
- Prończuk S., Przydatek T., Ramenda S. 2003. Standard seed mixtures for turf. Hod. Rośl. Nas. 4: 37-40.

  • Studies on grass pathogens and diseases

- Incidence of diseases and their causal agents in grasses grown for seed and for lawn under different turf maintenance: eco, relax, park and sport and under different shade conditions: natural and artificial.
- Evaluation of susceptibility of species and cultivars to diseases.
- Effect of diseases on seed yield and turf characters of cultivars.

Studies concentrate on main grass species used to mixtures in Poland: Lolium perenne L., Festuca rubra L., Poa pratensis L., and on new proposal for lawn: Deschampsia caespitosa P.B.

Selected publications:
- Prończuk M. 1996. Major diseases of turfgrasses in Poland. Biul IHAR 199:157-168.
- Prończuk M., Wiewióra B. 1999. Occurrence of ergot [Claviceps purpurea (Fr.)Tul.] in grasses seed. Biul. IHAR 212: 257-270
- Wiewióra B, Prończuk M. 2000. Micro-organisms colonizing seeds of grasses and their influence on turf diseases. Biul. IHAR 214: 269-284
- Prończuk M. 2000. Grass diseases - occurrence and harmfulness in seed production and turf maintenance. Monografie i rozprawy naukowe IHAR 4: 1-183
- Prończuk M. 2002.Stem rust (Puccinia graminis subsp. graminicola Urban), its hosts and harmfulness in grasses grown for seeds. Acta Agrob. 55/ 1: 285-298.
- Prończuk M. 2002. Occurrence and harmfulness of grass diseases and intensity of turf maintenance. Przegląd Nauk. Inż. i Kształt. Środ. Rocz. IX z. 1(24): 218-227.
- Prończuk M., Prończuk S. 2003. Yellow rust - new infection treat of Kentucky bluegrass grown for seed and turf in Poland. Biul. IHAR. 225: 339-352.
- Prończuk M., Prończuk S. Zebrowski J. 2003. Response of Lolium perenne cultivars and ecotypes to artificial and natural shade conditions. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed. 39: 363-366.


  • Developing of technology grasses for seed production.

The aim of this work is to determine maximal and optimal sowing doses of grasses on the base of thousand-seed weight and number of plants on the unit area.

Investigations are focued on the following problems:
- optimal sowing dose depended on thousand-seed weight,
- proper number of plants on the unit area using extreme sowing doses (min, max),
- density of vegetative and generative shoots in relation to seed yield.

Selected publications:
- Żyłka D, Prończuk S. 1996. Effect of term and method of sowing on seed yield of perennial ryegrass. Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol. 451: 270-286.
- Martyniak J, .Żyłka D. 199. Fluctuation of multiplication coefficient for wild forms and varieties of selected grass species. Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol. 451:183-195.
- Żyłka D, Prończuk S. 2000. Relationship between

thousand seed weight and some morphological and biological properties of turf forms of Poa pratensis L. Łąkarstwo w Polsce 3: 193-198.

- Żyłka D, Prończuk S, Prończuk M. 2001. Comparison of tufty and strong creeping red fescue (Festuca rubra L. s.s.) sub-species in respect of their turf performance and seed production. Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol. 474: 155-167.

- Martyniak J, Martyniak D. 2002. The importance of plant density for grasses cultivated for seeds (for example perennial ryegrass). Fragmenta Agronomica 2 (74) : 149-160.

  • Promotion of knowledge about turfgrasses and about grasses for special areas.
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